Bu yazımızda “Domatesin Kısa Bir Tarihçesini” bulacaksınız. Domates deyip geçmeyin, onun hakkında bilmediğiniz o kadar çok şey var ki…. Aşağıdaki metni okuyarak hem bunları öğrenin hem de İngilizcenizi geliştirin.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF TOMATO
The tomato is a popular vegetable, which figures in the cuisine of many countries around the world. It is particularly prominent in Italian cooking, but it was unknown in Europe until Spanish explorers brought it back from the Americas. The tomato originated in the highlands of Peru. From there, it eventually found its way to Mexico, where it was cultivated by the Aztecs. The Aztec tomato wasn’t the large red vegetable we know today. Rather, it was small and yellow. When this small, round fruit arrived in Italy, it was named “golden apple” for its bright yellow color. You’ll notice I just called it a fruit. That’s because a tomato is botanically a fruit, even though most everyone calls it a vegetable. The actual word tomato comes from the Aztec name for the vegetable, meaning “plump thing.” The tomato arrived in Europe in the 1500s and quickly became a popular food in Spain and Italy. In the late 1600s, the Italians began publishing recipes that used tomatoes. The British, however, had a different attitude toward the vegetable. It was grown as an ornamental plant in Britain in the 1600s, but it wasn’t eaten because it was thought to be poisonous. It wasn’t until the 1700s that tomatoes became part of the daily diet in Britain.
TOMATO IN THE UNITED STATES
In the United States, tomatoes were also used as ornamental plants rather than as food for a long time. This attitude began to change in the 1800s. In 1806, a gardener’s calendar mentioned that tomatoes could be used to improve the flavor of soups and other foods. Thomas Jefferson did much to enhance the tomato’s reputation as a food. He first served tomatoes to visitors at his home in Virginia in 1809. Then, in 1820, a man named Robert Gibbon Johnson decided it was time to discard, once and for all, the idea that tomatoes were poisonous. To prove his point, he ate one kilo of ripe red tomatoes in public. Two thousand people gathered to watch this feat, which took place on the steps of the court house in Salem, Massachusetts. Amazingly enough, Johnson survived this stunt! The popularity of the tomato as a food began growing rapidly. Soon, people all around the country were eating tomatoes. By the 1830s, American newspapers and magazines were publishing thousands of tomato recipes. However, all those recipes involved using tomatoes in some cooked form. Tomato salads and sandwiches were still unknown. It wasn’t until a century later, in the 1930s, that it became popular for people to eat raw tomatoes.